Avantatges i inconvenients de ser autònom o societat


En l’anterior post, vam introduir les principals diferències entre constituir-se com autònom o societat limitada, amb aquest post volem concloure aquest tema enumerant clarament els avantatges i inconvenients de les dues figures. El nostre objectiu és facilitar-te tota la informació necessària perquè puguis decidir que figura et resulta més beneficiosa.

Constituir-se com empresari individual:

  • Avantatges:

– És la manera més ràpida, senzilla i econòmica de donar d’alta un negoci.

– No requereix un procés previ de constitució.

– Pots beneficiar-te de la bonificació de la quota de la Seguretat Social durant 18 o 30 mesos.

– És la figura que requereix menys gestions i tràmits legals, i els costos d’assessorament són molt més barats que els d’una societat.

– No requereix desemborsar legalment un capital previ mínim.

– L’emprenedor té el control total de l’empresa.

  • Inconvenients:

– La responsabilitat és il·limitada, i per tant, l’empresari respon amb tot el seu patrimoni tant empresarial com personal, a més, si l’empresari està casat en règim de guanys, la responsabilitat pot també assolir al patrimoni personal del cònjuge.

– No es pot contractar a familiars de fins a segon grau de consanguinitat, sinó que s’han de donar d’alta també com autònoms.

– Les societats solen oferir una imatge més professional que l’autònom davant els diferents agents del mercat: bancs, clients, proveïdors …

– Si els beneficis són elevats es tributa a un tram superior d’IRPF, i per tant la càrrega fiscal és major que en una societat.

– Si el teu client objectiu és l’Administració Pública, has de saber que els concursos de licitació estan restringits a les societats.

Constituir-se com a societat limitada

  • Avantatges:

– Si el negoci genera un considerable nivell de beneficis, per sobre de 45.000 euros anuals, amb una societat la càrrega fiscal es inferior.

– Amb una societat es protegirà el patrimoni personal davant de possibles situacions d’insolvència.

– Les societats transmeten una imatge de permanència que sol generar més confiança als bancs, clients i proveïdors.

– Les societats gaudeixen de majors beneficis a l’hora d’accedir a finançament i subvencions.

  • Inconvenients:

– S’exigeix ​​un capital mínim per a la seva constitució de 3.000 euros.

– Els tràmits de constitució resulten més costosos i complexos.

– Hi ha majors obligacions comptables i fiscals.

– El control total sobre l’empresa disminueix.


Generalment aconsello que si el negoci s’inicia de forma unipersonal, és recomanable començar com autònom i així gaudir de l’actual tarifa reduïda de la Seguretat Social. En el moment en que l’empresa es consolidi i generi considerables beneficis, llavors seria beneficiós constituir una societat limitada per protegir d’aquesta manera el patrimoni personal i oferir una imatge més professional al mercat.

No obstant això, en Assessoria Siro analitzem cada cas de forma personalitzada i recomanem la figura més beneficiosa per a l’emprenedor.

“L’emoció de guanyar ha de ser major a la por de perdre”

Robert Kiyosaki


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